Association between exclusively breast fed infant and picky eating behavior in children below five years old: a cross-sectional study

Ernestine Vivi Sadeli

Abstract


Background: Picky eating behaviors are prevalent during childhood and often linked to nutritional problems. Environmental factors play a role in taste and eating preferences, such as genetics, learning experiences, and culture including exclusive breast fed for six months. Nutritional problems deserve special attention for its long term consequences such as malnutrition, stunting, infection, social and cognitive impairment. In Indonesia, 50-60% parents have problems with picky eating behavior with their children.1

 

Objective: To investigate association between exclusively breast fed infant and picky eating behavior.

 

Method: A cross-sectional study with purposive sampling was performed in 208 children at age below 5th years old in Serang. To assess picky eating behavior, the writer use Children Eating Behavior Questionnaire especially for food fussiness section (CEBQ-FF). Based on WHO recommendation, breast fed infant is infants that receive only breast milk for 6 months as an optimal way of feeding infants. Statistical analysis using chi square with p value < 0.05 considered being significant and odds ratio > 1 considered have causal effect.

 

Result: Among 208 children, there are 123 children (59%) that have picky eating behavior and 43 children of them are exclusively breast fed. There is a relationship between exclusively breast fed infant and picky eating behavior (p=0.037). Exclusively breast fed is protective to picky eating behavior in children below 5th years old (OR= 0.43; CI 95%=0.51-0.6).

Exclusive breast fed

                  Picky eaters

p value

OR (95% CI)

Yes

       No

Yes

43

47

0.037

 0.43 (0.51-0.6)

No

80

38

       

                                                                                                

Conclusion: From this study, there are 59% children that have picky eating behavior. Exclusively breast fed for six months is protective to picky eating behavior in children below 5th years old, which corresponds well with WHO recommendations.


Keywords


Picky eaters; exclusively breastfeed; eating behavior

Full Text:

WNJ.V03.i1.0012


DOI: https://doi.org/10.25220/WNJ.V03.i1.0012

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