The Impact of Nutritional Status and Body Mass Index on Rehabilitation Outcomes in Patients Receiving Home-Based Medical Care

Kanako Eiwa, Naomi Nakayama, Yumi Takami, Shuko Iwasaki, Yoshinori Hino, Takehiko Hirai, Kentaro Nakayama, Yuji Eda

Abstract


Background: Home-based medical care is expanding rapidly in Japan.

Objectives: We aimed to identify the factors associated with outcomes of therapy in patients receiving home-visit rehabilitation.

Methods: One hundred twenty-one patients receiving home-based rehabilitation were investigated. Nutritional status was assessed by the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF). The Functional Independence Measure (FIM) was employed to assess the activities of daily living (ADL). The body mass index (BMI), medical history, and orthopedic disease-related pain were also recorded. The primary outcome was the improvement in FIM scores in one year.

Results: A total of 19 (17%) patients were malnourished and 58 (48%) were at risk of malnutrition. Malnourished patients had a lower FIM score at initiation than those at risk of malnutrition or with normal nutritional status. Only changes in patients’ BMI and MNA-SF scores over one year were significantly associated with improved FIM scores (p = 0.0079 and p = 0.0049, respectively). No association was noted with the other factors.

Conclusions: This is the first report to demonstrate that changes in MNA-SF scores and BMI are significantly associated with rehabilitation outcomes in home-based care. Nutritional management is essential along with rehabilitation to improve ADL in the long-term home care setting.


Keywords


Home rehabilitation, home-based medical care, FIM, nutrition

Full Text:

WNJ.V03.i2.0003

References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.25220/WNJ.V03.i2.0003

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Copyright (c) 2020 Kanako Eiwa, Naomi Nakayama, Yumi Takami, Shuko Iwasaki, Yoshinori Hino, Takehiko Hirai, Kentaro Nakayama, Yuji Eda

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