Soy Plant-based Formula with Fiber: From Protein Source to Functional Food

Main Article Content

Saptawati Bardosono
Diana Sunardi


Several factors are fundamental to support child growth and development, including nutrition. Beside Energy, protein is the key of balanced dietary macronutrients intake as the building block of child growth.  While several micronutrients, i.e. calcium, iron, zinc and vitamins are needed for both optimal growth and development. Among protein-rich foods for young children, cow’s milk formula has several limitations, i.e. cow’s milk allergy and low fiber content. Although has a low bioavailability for iron absorption, plant-rich protein can be an alternative for young children to be used, i.e. as a soy isolate protein formula. However, to the fact of low fiber content in soy isolate protein formula, it is then need further consideration to have a fiber enrichment. We highlight the fiber content in child formula to the extent of its benefit for gastrointestinal health in relation to gut movement in preventing constipation, or its role as a functional food with its prebiotics capacity. This article aims to review a suitable type of fiber used for the enrichment for a soy isolate protein formula.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Author Biographies

Saptawati Bardosono, Universitas Indonesia

Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine

Diana Sunardi, Universitas Indonesia

Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine


Koletzko B, Bhatia J, Bhutta ZA, et al. Pediatric Nutrition in Practice. Vol 113. 2nd ed. (Koletzko B, ed.). Karger; 2015.

Bhatia J, Greer F. Use of Soy Protein-based Formulas in Infant Feeding. Pediatrics 2008;121(5):1062-1068. [Google Scholar]

Lyle B. Nutrition to Support Optimal Growth and Development in Youth. Kerry Health and Nutrition Institute. Published 2017. Accessed March 1, 2020.

Westmark CJ, Vasconcelos MW, Masino SA, et al. Soy-Based Therapeutic Baby Formulas: Testable Hypotheses Regarding the Pros and Cons. Front Nutr 2017;3(59):1-23. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2016.00059. [Google Scholar]

Verduci E, Elios SD, Cerrato L, et al. Cow ’ s Milk Substitutes for Children : Nutritional Special Formula and Plant-Based Beverages. Nutrients 2019;11(1739):1-16. [Google Scholar]

Singh P, Kumar R, Sabapathy SN, Bawa AS. Functional and edible uses of soy protein products. Comprehensive reviews in food science and food safety 2008;7(1):14-28. [Google Scholar]

Hasan S. Soybean, nutrition and health. In: Soybean - Bio-Active Compounds. Accessed March 1, 2020.

Rizzo G, Baroni L. Soy, soy foods and their role in vegetarian diets. Nutrients 2018;10(1):43. [Google Scholar]

O’Keefe S, Bianchi L, Sharman J. Soybean Nutrition. Nutr Metab (Lond 2015;1(2):1006. [Google Scholar]

Orel R, ReberŠak L. Clinical Effects of Prebiotics in Pediatric Population. Indian Pediatr 2016;53:1083-1093. [Google Scholar]

Masoud MRM, El-bialy AR, Hassan NMM. Effect of Synbiotics Fortification in Specific Baby Food Formulas on Iron , Calcium and Zinc Absorption. Mddle East J Agric Res Agric Res 2014;3(4):1112-1121. [Google Scholar]

Herfel TM, Jacobi SK, Lin X, et al. Polydextrose Enrichment of Infant Formula Demonstrates Prebiotic Characteristics by Altering Intestinal Microbiota , Organic Acid Concentrations , and Cytokine Expression in Suckling Piglets. J Nutr 2011;141:2139-2145. doi: 10.3945/jn.111.143727.difficile. [Google Scholar]

Vandenplas Y, De GE, Veereman G. Prebiotics in infant formula. Gut Microbes 2014;5(6):681-687. [Google Scholar]

Lasekan J, Baggs G, Acosta S, et al. Soy Protein-Based Infant Formulas with Supplemental Fructooligosaccharides: Gastrointestinal Tolerance and Hydration Status in Newborn Infants. Nutrients 2015;7:3022-3037. doi: 10.3390/nu7043022. [Google Scholar]

Liutkevičius A, Speičienė V, Vaičiulytė-Funk L, et al. An Inulin-Enriched Soy Drink and Its Lowering Effect on Oxidized Low Density Lipoproteins in Healthy Volunteers. Food Nutr Sience 2016;66(1):37-41. [Google Scholar]

Soni M. GRAS Notification on Determination of The Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) Status of Fructo-Oligo-Saccharides as Food Ingredient. Soni & Associates Inc.