World Nutrition Journal 2024-03-04T02:01:08+00:00 World Nutrition Journal Open Journal Systems <div>The World Nutrition Journal, established in 2016, serves as the official journal of the Indonesian Nutrition Association. Its primary goal is to publish top-tier articles focusing on various facets of Nutrition Sciences, including community, clinical, and critical care aspects, while maintaining a commitment to high quality.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col gap-3 max-w-full"> <div class="min-h-[20px] flex flex-col items-start gap-3 whitespace-pre-wrap break-words overflow-x-auto" data-message-author-role="assistant" data-message-id="3241f858-f973-4994-ac72-049375a85249"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert dark"> <p>Here are some compelling reasons to consider publishing your work in the World Nutrition Journal:</p> <ol> <li class="show"> <p><strong>Swift Peer Review and Efficient Production:</strong> Our journal is committed to ensuring a rapid publication process, thanks to our efficient peer review system and streamlined production methods, allowing your research to reach the public faster.</p> </li> <li class="show"> <p><strong>Utilizing the Highly Credible OJS Platform:</strong> We employ the esteemed Operating Journal System (OJS), an internationally acclaimed platform, providing a trusted and well-regarded space for your research.</p> </li> <li class="show"> <p><strong>Expert Scientific Editorial Support:</strong> Your paper will benefit from the meticulous review and fine-tuning provided by our team of expert scientific editors, ensuring the highest quality and clarity of your work.</p> </li> <li class="show"> <p><strong>Maintaining Originality:</strong> We employ ithenticate to monitor and guarantee the originality and uniqueness of every publication, maintaining the high quality and integrity of the research we showcase.</p> </li> <li class="show"> <p><strong>Open Access Publication and Indexing:</strong> Your work will be made immediately accessible through open access, and it will be indexed in various prominent databases, including CrossRef metadata, Google Scholar, DOAJ, BASE, Scilit, Worldcat, ResearchGate, PKP Index, and Garuda, ensuring wide visibility and accessibility to researchers and scholars worldwide.</p> </li> <li class="show"> <p><strong>SINTA Accreditation:</strong> Since 2022, we have been accredited with a level 2 rating from SINTA (Science and Technology Index), signifying our commitment to scholarly excellence and recognition in the academic community.</p> </li> </ol> <p>Publishing with the World Nutrition Journal offers a combination of efficiency, credibility, editorial support, accessibility, and recognition, making it an excellent choice for disseminating your research findings.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div> <table class="data" style="height: 240px;" width="570" bgcolor="#fff67f"> <tbody> <tr valign="top"> <td width="&quot;150px">Title<br>Website <br>ISSN<br>DOI Prefix <br>Subject<br>Frequency<br>Language<br>Indexed at<br>Citation</td> <td width="&quot;2px">:<br>:<br>:<br>:<br>:<br>:<br>:<br>:<br>:</td> <td width="&quot;400px">&nbsp; World Nutrition Journal <br>&nbsp; <a href=""></a> <br>&nbsp; <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2580-7013</a> (online)<br>&nbsp; 10.25220/WNJ <br>&nbsp; community, clinical and critical care aspects of nutrition <br>&nbsp; bi-annualy<br>&nbsp; English <br>&nbsp; DOAJ, Garuda, BASE, Scilit, Worldcat, etc.<br>&nbsp; <a title="Google Scholar Index" href=";hl=en&amp;authuser=1" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Google Scholar</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> Nutritional care is a human right: incorporating principles into clinical practice 2024-02-29T06:02:07+00:00 Gil Hardy <p>The landmark Vienna Declaration (VD), initiated by the international human rights working group (IHRWG) and endorsed by more than 75 professional societies acknowledged that nutritional care is a human right alongside the right to food and the right to health. In a series of position papers the IHRWG have elaborated on the commitments required for translating human rights and ethical principles into clinical practice.<sup>1-3</sup> The ultimate objective of the VD is to ensure all patients have a right to be screened and diagnosed for disease related malnutrition (DRM) then to receive evidence based artificially administered nutrition and hydration (AANH) administered by an interdisciplinary team of experts to positively impact clinical outcomes and survival. Unfortunately, nutritional care in hospitals and post discharge is frequently below standard and is not part of the patient's holistic care.<sup>2</sup> Reasons include; inadequate education of healthcare professionals (HCPs), lack of malnutrition awareness, no reimbursement for nutrition treatments, or absence of public health policy.<sup>2,4</sup></p> 2024-02-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Gil Hardy Effect of oral vitamin E supplementation on lipid profile in diabetes mellitus: evidence based case report 2024-02-29T06:05:24+00:00 Indah Sri Wulandari Krisadelfa Sutanto <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: Diabetes mellitus, a prominent non-communicable disease, presents as a chronic condition associated with various complications, including heart disease, nerve damage, chronic kidney disease, and dyslipidemia. A pivotal abnormality in diabetic dyslipidemia is insulin resistance, which stimulates the production of Hepatic VLDL1 (very-low-density lipoprotein 1). The resulting overproduction of VLDL1 is metabolically linked to an abundance of small, dense LDL (low-density lipoprotein) particles and a reduction in large, cholesterol-rich HDL2 (high-density lipoprotein). Conversely, vitamin E, known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, acts as a remover of peroxyl radicals, preventing lipid oxidation and safeguarding polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) within cells and plasma lipoproteins.</p> <p><strong>Method</strong>: This study investigates the impact of oral vitamin E supplementation on the lipid profile in diabetic patients. Employing advanced search techniques on databases like PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar, we conducted a comprehensive literature search using MeSH terms, advanced search methods, and specific eligibility criteria. The results yielded one systematic review with a meta-analysis and two randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that met the predefined PICO and eligibility criteria.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: &nbsp;The systematic review and meta-analysis, along with one RCT, reported no significant reduction in lipid profiles with oral vitamin E supplementation in diabetic patients. In contrast, the other RCT observed an improvement in lipid profiles among diabetic patients receiving oral vitamin E supplementation.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: Supplementing with oral vitamin E does not enhance the lipid profile of individuals with diabetes mellitus.</p> 2024-02-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Indah Sri Wulandari, Krisadelfa Sutanto Effect of omega-3 supplementation on osteoarthritis: An evidence-based case report 2024-02-29T06:04:18+00:00 Jessica Ferdi Diana Sunardi <p><strong>Background</strong>: Osteoarthritis is marked by mild inflammation, causing cartilage damage that leads to bone remodelling and potentially reduces the quality of life. Omega-3 has anti-inflammatory properties, which can help mitigate cartilage damage.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This research aims to determine the role of omega-3 in relieving pain in patients with osteoarthritis.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> A literature search was conducted using advanced searching on three large databases: PubMed, Cochrane, and Scopus. The search used Mesh terms according to the criteria. After assessing the relevance and suitability of the literature, two articles were selected and critically evaluated based on Oxford Center for Evidence-Based Medicine.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Two systematic review-meta-analyses that meet the PICO and eligibility criteria were found. One of the literature sources does not demonstrate the effect of omega-3 supplementation on joint pain, while the other literature source shows the beneficial effects of omega-3 in reducing joint pain in osteoarthritis.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Omega-3 supplementation can alleviate joint pain in individuals with osteoarthritis. Providing omega-3 may be worth considering.</p> 2024-02-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jessica Ferdi, Diana Sunardi The correlation of folic acid and homocysteine serum with vascular density and retinal non-perfusion area in diabetic retinopathy 2024-02-29T06:03:32+00:00 Andhika Guna Dharma Arief Wildan Maharani Maharani Riski Prihatningtias Fifin Luthfia Rahmi Trilaksana Nugroho Arnila Novitasari Saubig Zahira Rikiandraswida <p><strong>Background : </strong>Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) is the most common microvascular complication of Diabetes Mellitus (DM). Homocysteine has been studied as a biomarker in DR, while folic acid exhibits anti-proliferative effects in DR.</p> <p><strong>Objective :</strong> To analyze the correlation between folic acid and homocysteine serum with vascular density and retinal non-perfusion area in healthy individuals and patients with diabetic retinopathy.</p> <p><strong>Methods :</strong> This is an observational study with a cross-sectional design, conducted in Dr. Kariadi Hospital and GAKI laboratory in Semarang in January 2023. This study included 60 samples: 15 healthy individuals, 15 patients with DM but no DR, 15 patients with Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (NPDR), and 15 patients with Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (PDR). Patients were examined for serum folic acid and homocysteine using blood laboratory tests, vessel density and retinal non-perfusion areas using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA).</p> <p><strong>Results :</strong> There was a negative correlation with weak strength between folic acid levels and retinal non-perfusion area of the retina in all samples (Folic acid levels vs retinal non-perfusion area, p = 0.009, Spearman correlation = -0.335). There was a positive correlation with weak strength between folic acid levels and vascular density in all samples (Folic acid levels vs vascular density, p = 0.009, Spearman correlation = 0.337). There was a positive correlation with moderate strength between homocysteine levels and retinal non-perfusion area in all samples (Homocysteine levels vs non–perfusion area of the retina, p = 0.001, Spearman correlation = 0.426). There was a positive correlation with moderate strength between homocysteine levels and vascular density in all samples (Homocysteine levels vs vascular density, p = 0.001, Spearman correlation = -0.414).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion :</strong> There was a correlation between folic acid and homocysteine serum with vascular density and retinal non-perfusion areas.</p> 2024-02-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Andhika Guna Dharma, Arief Wildan, Maharani Maharani, Riski Prihatningtias, Fifin Luthfia Rahmi, Trilaksana Nugroho, Arnila Novitasari Saubig, Zahira Rikiandraswida Enteral nutrition with medium-chain triglyceride compared to total parenteral nutrition in patient with chylothorax 2024-02-29T06:05:02+00:00 Chintya Tedjaatmadja Yohannessa Wulandari <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Chylothorax is associated with longer length of stay, higher morbidity, mortality, and hospitalization cost. The main principle of chylothorax therapy is to reduce the chylous flow. The current nutritional management of patients with chylothorax are a low fat diet with long chain triglyceride (LCT) restriction, enteral nutrition with high medium chain triglyceride (MCT), and total parenteral nutrition. However, low fat diet with LCT restriction takes quite a long time (around 3 weeks) and requires close monitoring due to risk for malnutrition, essential fatty acid, and micronutrient deficiencies. The nutritional management determines the success of conservative therapy in chylothorax patients. The aim of this study was to determine whether a high MCT enteral diet is more superior than total parenteral nutrition regarding the resolution of chylothorax.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> Literature searching was conducted using advanced searching in three large databases: Pubmed, Science Direct, and ProQuest using eligibility criteria determined by the authors. Quality of evidences were assessed based on GRADE Guidelines. Level evidence was determined based on Oxford Center of Evidence-based Medicine (CEBM).</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> Three systematic reviews and one cohort met the PICO and eligibility criteria that had been set. Two studies concluded that enteral nutrition was better than parenteral nutrition. One study concluded that parenteral nutrition could be considered first and one study could not conclude which kind of nutrition was better.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Administration of high MCT enteral nutrition can be the first line therapy in patients with chylothorax and still need close monitoring during the administration. One of the factors that need to be monitored is the daily production of chylothorax volume. The results shown by these studies are inconsistent and warrant further research of high-quality studies regarding the treatment of chylothorax.</p> 2024-02-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Chintya Tedjaatmadja, Yohannessa Wulandari The impact of omega-3 on recurrent seizures in epileptic patients: A case study with evidence-based approaches 2024-02-29T06:02:27+00:00 Nadiyah Wijayanthie Wiji Lestari <p><strong>Background</strong>: Epileptogenesis is also associated with increased production of excessive pro-inflammatory cytokines” which shows connection between pro-inflammatory cytokines as triggering factor with omega-3 which has anti-inflammatory effect. Omega-3, known for its neuroprotective and anticonvulsant properties, exhibits promising effects on epileptic seizure attacks.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This study aimed to evaluate the effect of omega-3 supplementation on the incidence of seizures in epilepsy patients.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This study used a literature search using advanced queries in the databases PubMed, Scopus, ProQuest, and Cochrane Library, and combined MeSH terms with Title/Abstract. The collected literature is discarded if there are duplicates, then literature is filtered that meets the eligibility criteria. We used the Oxford Center for Evidence-Based Medicine as a means of critical appraisal and determining the level of evidence of the selected literature.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Four chosen literatures were critically assessed. Two articles indicating no significant difference between omega-3 and placebo and two articles showed had a significantly higher number of seizure-free days than placebo. The first article, involving 78 adults, reported a 50% reduction in seizure risk with a frequency RR of 0.57, 95% CI 0.19 to 1.75 (IS = 0%) indicating no significant difference between omega-3 and placebo groups after 12 weeks of treatment. The second study, comprising mostly non-significant findings, demonstrated no significant correlation between omega-3 and epilepsy attacks in epilepsy patients. The third literature revealed seizure occurrences per month in the EPA group (9.7±1.2), DHA group (11.7±1.5), and placebo group (16.6±1.5). Incidence rate ratio (IRR) adjusted for seizure type in EPA and DHA groups compared to the placebo group were 0.61 (CI = 0.42–0.88, p = 0.008, a 42% reduction) and 0.67 (CI = 0.46–1.0, p = 0.04, a 39% reduction), respectively. Both treatment groups had a significantly higher number of seizure-free days compared to the placebo group (p &lt; 0.05). The fourth study reported intervention group frequency (4.72 ± 1.6, p= 0.014) and placebo frequency (11.64 ± 1.63, p=0.014) with intervention group seizure duration (6.64 ± 1.39, p=0.009) compared to placebo group (14.36 ± 2.18, p=0.009).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Omega-3 supplementation may be considered for management in patients with recurrent epileptic seizures, although its effect on reducing seizure frequency remains inconsistent.</p> 2024-02-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Nadiyah Wijayanthie, Wiji Lestari Effect of smartphone application with reminder on total fluid intake adequacy and hydration status among adults in Bontang, East Kalimantan 2024-02-29T06:03:55+00:00 Handayani Eka Puspita Sari Diana Sunardi Krisadelfa Sutanto Dian Novita Chandra Dewi Friska Putri Novia Choiri Insani <p><strong>Background:</strong> About 41% adults in Kalimantan have inadequate total fluid intake (TFI), which is higher than national inadequacy (28%). Inadequate TFI may cause dehydration. The biggest barrier to comply with TFI is to forget to drink. Smartphone application, Hidrasiku with reminder, is expected to be useful in TFI adequacy which may affect hydration status.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong>&nbsp; This study aims to determine the effect of the Hidrasiku with reminder on the TFI adequacy and hydration status among adults in Bontang.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> The design of this study was quasi-experimental and cluster sampling. Inclusion criteria were healthy men, age 19-64 years and having a smartphone. Participants suffering with diseases that affected fluid balance and on diet and fluid restriction were excluded.&nbsp; Data collection was conducted from April to June 2023 in Bontang. A total of 106 participants were allocated into two groups, intervention and control. Both groups used Hidrasiku for four weeks, with the intervention group activating the reminder while the control group didn’t. Adequacy of TFI and hydration status were assessed before-after intervention.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> A sample of 87 participants completed the study. The median age of the participants was 32 (19-61) years. At the end of intervention, there was significant difference in the TFI adequacy (90.2% vs 63.0%; p=0.003) and a significant increase in TFI +240 mL/day vs – 62.8 mL/day; p=0.002). Meanwhile no significant difference on hydration status (87.8% vs 73.9%; p=0.103).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> Hidrasiku with reminder has effect on the TFI adequacy and no effect on hydration status</p> 2024-02-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Handayani Eka Puspita Sari, Diana Sunardi, Krisadelfa Sutanto, Dian Novita Chandra, Dewi Friska, Putri Novia Choiri Insani The association between knowledge and attitude towards nutrition fact panels (NFP) with sugar intake of the Indonesian adolescents 2024-02-29T06:01:46+00:00 Ulfi Rahma Yunita Helda Khusun Fiastuti Witjaksono <p>The increasing sugar intake has become a global issue due to its impact on health. The survey conducted in Jakarta revealed that the median sugar intake for adolescents and adults is 18.8 g/capital/day and 24.5 g/capital/day, respectively. The government has taken several ways to reduce sugar intake, one of which is by using labels on packaged food. Therefore, this research aims to investigate the knowledge and attitude towards nutrition fact panels with sugar intake in Indonesian adolescent. This research was a cross-sectional study using an online questionnaire for adolescents in Indonesia with age range between 15-18 years old. Data on sociodemographic, mass media exposure, knowledge, and attitude were collected through online questionnaires, while sugar intake was assessed through online SQ-FFQ interviews. The study’s findings showed that the majority of respondents were women (90%), with parents having below 12 years of schooling on average. Additionally, the median monthly pocket money and pocket money for food and drinks below IDR 300,000 and IDR 200,000, and mass media exposure occurred more than 3 times per month. More than half of the respondents displayed good knowledge (51.7%) and a positive attitude towards NFP (60.8%), with the majority having high sugar intake (53.5%). There is a relationship between knowledge of NFP, mass media exposure, and mother education with sugar intake in adolescents. It recommended to enhance knowledge of NFP among adolescents and parents through social media platforms, posters and TV ads to enable them select and consume appropriate foods.</p> 2024-02-29T03:50:32+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ulfi Rahma Yunita, Helda Khusun, Fiastuti Witjaksono Nutrient-rich food index 9.3 score and food choice values among female online food delivery users during COVID-19 pandemic 2024-02-29T06:04:41+00:00 Nadya Suci Palupi Dian Novita Chandra Judhiastuty Februhartanty Helda Khusun Nisrina Hanisa Dian Kusuma Dewi <p><strong>Background: </strong>The COVID-19 pandemic has transformed eating habits, leading to an increased reliance on online food delivery. It's crucial to comprehend the diet quality and food choices among female users during this period.</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>This study aims to explore the association between diet quality score and the food choice motives among female online food delivery users during the COVID-19 pandemic</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This online cross-sectional study involved surveying 405 female users recruited through consecutive sampling. The Food Choice Values Questionnaire (FCVQ) was utilized to understand their food choices, while nutrient intake and diet quality were assessed using the Nutrient-Rich Food 9.3 Index Score (NRF 9.3). Subsequently, the collected data underwent both univariate and multivariate analyses. Potential biases might arise due to time constraints during the pandemic and reliance on self-reported online data. Moreover, the method used to measure nutrient intake might not be ideal for this demographic, lacking tailored tests. Nonetheless, it’s important to highlight that the survey underwent prior validation among Indonesian adults, affirming its broad applicability.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Female users showed low average NRF 9.3 scores (241.67), indicating poor diet quality. Their prioritized food choice motives were also low. Significant associations surfaced between NRF 9.3 scores and food choice motives—tradition (p&lt;0.01, r: 0.229), comfort (p&lt;0.01, r: 0.223), organic (p&lt;0.01, r: 0.231), safety (p&lt;0.001, r: 0.162), weight control/health (p&lt;0.01, r: 0.171), and income (p&lt;0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The NRF 9.3 score is likely to increase when there are higher scores for tradition, comfort, and organic factors, and when income exceeds the minimum regional wage.</p> 2024-02-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Nadya Suci Palupi, Dian Novita Chandra, Judhiastuty Februhartanty, Helda Khusun, Nisrina Hanisa, Dian Kusuma Dewi Analysis of macronutrient and micronutrient intake with the incidence of stunting and wasting in toddlers 0-59 months of age at public health center Bojong, Bogor regency 2024-02-29T06:03:12+00:00 nugrahayu widyawardani Nurfitri Bustamam Citra Ayu Aprilia Niniek Hardini Panji Octo Prasetio Kevina Nuraini Yusuf Muhammad Harahap Rafi Raihan <p><strong>Background : </strong>Stunting is defined as not achieving optimal height for age. One of the factors of stunting is caused by unbalanced nutrition. This is due to long-term nutrient intake inadequacies that potentially lead to insufficient nutrient requirements from food. Wasting often has symptoms of severe weight loss in the short term. It usually occurs when toddlers do not get a good quality and quantity of food and/or they suffer from recurrent or chronic illnesses.</p> <p><strong>Objective : </strong>Assessing the relationship between macro-micronutrient intake with the incidence of stunting and wasting in the Bojong Health Center working area, Bogor Regency July-August 2023 Period.</p> <p><strong>Methods : </strong>This research using cross-sectional study was conducted in the working area of Public Health Centre Bojong, Bogor Regency, Indonesia, from July 2023 to August 2023. The number of subjects is 93 subjects. Subjects were recruited using consecutive sampling, toddlers aged 0-59 months and mothers were the respondents who answered questions during interviews, 2x24-hour food recall, SQFFQ. The data in this study was obtained through direct interviews with respondents.</p> <p><strong>Results : </strong>Subject macronutrient and micronutrient intake tended to be deficient refer to RDA 2019. There was an association (p=0.000) between the intake of energy, protein, carbohydrates, fat, Fe, Omega 3, Zn, vitamin D, and Ca with the incidence of stunting and wasting.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions :</strong> Intakes of energy, protein, carbohydrate, fat, iron, omega-3, zinc, vitamin D, and Ca were significantly lower in children with nutritional problems (stunting and wasting) compared to RDA Indonesian Ministry of Health 2019<strong>.</strong></p> 2024-02-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 nugrahayu widyawardani, Nurfitri Bustamam, Citra Ayu Aprilia, Niniek Hardini, Panji Octo Prasetio, Kevina Nuraini Yusuf, Muhammad Harahap, Rafi Raihan Association between consumption of ultra-processed foods and beverages with nutritional status of private senior high school students in Pontianak, West Kalimantan, Indonesia 2024-02-29T06:01:25+00:00 Septiana Maria Deba Ginting Judhiastuty Februhartanty Helda Khusun <p><strong>Background</strong>: Many low- and middle-income countries are now facing the “double burden” of malnutrition, one of them is overweight/obesity. Over 340 million children and adolescents were overweight and obesity in 2016. Obesity among adolescents may increase, in part due to changes in the food system, which now offers a wide range of ultra-processed foods (UPF) that minimize preparation time. Indonesia has also a large and rapidly growing market for unhealthy drinks, which are sold in various places including schools and hospitals.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This study aimed to investigate the association of UPF and beverages consumption and other related factors with nutritional status of senior high school students in Pontianak, West Kalimantan, Indonesia.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This cross-sectional study conducted in Pontianak investigated the association between UPF consumption and nutritional status of SHS students. Data collection was conducted at Imanuel and Petrus SHS Pontianak in June 2023, involving 273 students from grades 10th and 11th. Weight and height measurement was obtained for calculating the BMI for age Z-scores, while UPF and beverages consumption was obtained by FFQ. Structured questionnaire, 24-hours recall, and IPAQ-S were used for assessing sociodemographic status, Total Energy Intake and Physical Activity Level. Data analysis used SPSS version 26.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The result found 40.3% of students were overweight-obesity; 51.6% consumed excessive UPF and beverages. It showed an inverse association between UPF consumption and nutritional status. The study identifies UPF and beverages consumption, gender, mother's education level, and family income as factors associated with nutritional status among adolescents.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The consumption of ultra-processed Foods was high, with the highest UPF intake came from snacks and sweets (22.4%). There was inverse association between UPF and beverages consumption with nutritional status. There was also significant association between UPF and beverages, gender, mother education level and family income with nutritional status.</p> 2024-02-29T04:17:16+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Septiana Maria Deba Ginting, Judhiastuty Februhartanty, Helda Khusun Overview of fluid and macronutrient intake, knowledge and attitudes and eating behavior among private university medical students in Jakarta 2024-03-04T02:01:08+00:00 Luciana Budiati Sutanto Gracia JMT Winaktu Helena Fabiani Leilani Lestarina <p><strong>Background</strong>: Adequate intake of micronutrients and fluids are important for study performance of students</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To obtain an overview of macronutrient and fluid intake, also knowledge, attitudes, and healthy eating behavior of medical students from Krida Wacana Christian University (UKRIDA)</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This is a cross sectional study conducted in October 2021 based on consecutive sampling. Height and weight was self-recorded, while the food and fluid intake was assessed via a phone interview using a 3-day diary.&nbsp; There were 97 students who met the inclusion and exclusion study’s criteria who participated in macronutrient and fluid intake data, and 90 of them for the knowledge, attitudes, and healthy eating behavior data.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> As much as 10.3% of the study participants were underweight, 41.2% normal, and 48.5% overweight-obese. For macronutrient intake, compared to the RDA, 95.9% of subjects had inadequate energy intake, 100% had inadequate carbohydrates intake, 85.6% for fat intake and 55.7%&nbsp; for protein intake. For fluid intake, 76.3% of respondents had less, 18.6% had adequate, 5.1% had more than RDA. For the nutrition knowledge, 85.6% of respondents had good, 12.2% had sufficient, and 2.2% had inadequate nutrition knowledge. For the respondents’ eating habits, 91.1% of respondents reported good, 7.8% adequate, and 1% non-healthy</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Most of the subject had inadequate intake of energy, macronutrients, and fluids. Knowledge and attitudes towards healthy eating are mostly good, while healthy eating behavior can be further improved.</p> 2024-02-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Luciana Budiati Sutanto, Gracia JMT Winaktu, Helena Fabiani, Leilani Lestarina The role of polyphenols in atopic dermatitis: a literature review 2024-02-29T06:01:02+00:00 Angelina Clara Alverina Maichika Susanto <p><strong>Background:</strong> Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin with the appearance of pruritic eczema lesions, mostly found in young children, and impact their quality of life (QoL). In concordance with numerous treatment options, some adverse effect might. Recently, it has been discovered that polyphenols may provide satisfactory results for AD therapy and patient’s QoL.</p> <p><strong>Objectives: </strong>This literature review objective to summarize recent research the use of polyphenols for AD therapy.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This is a literature review. Literature search was conducted in Pubmed, EBSCOHOST, Proquest, and Google Scholar, using keywords: “atopic dermatitis”, “atopic eczema” and “polyphenols”. Inclusion criteria were: 1) Randomized clinical trials, case reports, case series, literature reviews, systematic reviews, meta-analysis, cohorts, and experimental studies, 2) Available in full text, 3) Written in English, 4) Research studies with intervention conducted in human, 5) Research studies from early 2000s . While article with lack of available data is excluded. The author use Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) to assess the role of polyphenols in QoL for AD.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The use of polyphenols in AD shows satisfactory results through their antioxidant, anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory properties. Several studies have observed improvements in sleep disturbance scores, itchiness, and levels of skin moisture and elasticity levels in patients with AD.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> Polyphenols use in AD provide satisfactory results in reducing symptoms that interfere with QoL. However, due to the limited number of studies conducted on human, further studies of larger-scale participants are needed to confirm the effect of polyphenols in AD treatment.</p> 2024-02-29T04:24:08+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Angelina Clara Alverina, Maichika Susanto