Factors associated with physical inactivity among community dwelling adults in Umuahia, Nigeria Physical inactivity among community dwelling adults

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Dr Patricia Ukegbu
Ms Ortutu Beulah
Mrs Precious Uche
Dr Andrew Ukegbu


Background: Considerable evidence suggests that physical inactivity contributes to the magnitude of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and is responsible for premature deaths globally.
Objective: This study aimed to examine physical inactivity and associated factors among community dwelling adults in Abia State, Nigeria.
Methods: A total of 868 community-dwelling adults (20 to 59 years) were sampled in a cross- sectional survey using multistage sampling technique. A validated questionnaire was used to collect information on sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics. Weight and height were measured and used to calculate the body mass index (BMI). The Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) was used to collect data on physical activity status. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to assess the relationship between physical inactivity and associated factors at p<0.05.
Results: The prevalence of physical inactivity was 49.8% (48.5% in males and 51.0% in females), while combined overweight and obesity was 39.4%. In the adjusted model, physical inactivity was associated with older age (OR=0.49, 95% CI: 0.34- 0.71), increasing BMI (OR=0.67, 95% CI: 0.49- 0.91), increasing income (OR=0.65, 95% CI: 0.48- 0.89), and alcohol consumption (OR=0.67, 95% CI: 0.47- 0.97).
Conclusion: The high prevalence of physical inactivity among adults underscores the need for community-based physical activity interventions to reduce the burden of NCDs among adults.


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Author Biographies

Dr Patricia Ukegbu, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike

Dr Patricia Ukegbu has a PhD in Experimental Nutrition and is currently a lecturer in the Department of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia state Nigeria

Ms Ortutu Beulah, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike

Ms Ortutu Beulah is a graduate student of the Department of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria

Mrs Precious Uche, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike

Mrs Precious Uche  is currently a lecturer in the Department of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia state Nigeria

Dr Andrew Ukegbu, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia

Dr is a Consultant Public Health Physician and works with the Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia


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