First 1,000 Days is a period between a woman’s pregnancy and her child’s second as critical window of opportunity to shape a child’s development. Good nutrition during pregnancy and early childhood plays a foundational role in enabling a child to grow, develop and reduce disease risk. C-Section delivery mode is one of the factors that influence the First 1,000 Days both in the mother and the babies. Caesarian Section, or often called as C-Section, is a delivery mode using surgery and not through the mother’s vaginal birth as one of the alternative delivery mode that is currently thriving among pregnant women. World Health Organization (WHO) stated that since 1985, C-Section numbers in both developed and developing countries have been increasing. In the case of C-Section, the infant isn’t in contact with mother’s vaginal and enteric contents so it will alter immune development and reduce diversity of the intestinal gut microbiota of the infants. The result of researches stated that C-Section will impact on short- term and long-term health risks of the children which can extend many years beyond the current delivery (Sandall et al, 2018). However, there is no series of articles to overview and summarize the C-Section delivery mode, it’s health risks on children and nutrition intervention to support children with C-Section delivery history. The objective of this supplement is to understand right nutrition intervention to optimize C- Section children’s growth and development; and the benefit of synbiotic (prebiotics and probiotics) intervention by identifying the C-Section’s health risks to children relating to Gut Dysbiosis condition  

Published: 2020-10-01