The Effect of Specific Oral Nutritional Supplements Compared to Tea with Sugar on Gastric Emptying Time, Blood Glucose Level, and Hunger Response in Healthy Adults

Stella Evangeline Bela, Luciana Budiati Sutanto, Jacob Pandelaki

Abstract


Introduction: The objective of this study was to compare gastric emptying time, hunger response, and blood glucose level after drinking specific oral nutritional supplements (S-ONS) to tea with sugar in healthy adults.

Methods: This study was a clinical, parallel, random allocation, and single-blind trial. This study was conducted at Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta. The subjects were 12 healthy adults divided into 2 groups: intervention group (n = 6) and control group (n = 6). Patients in the intervention group received 200 mL S-ONS (200 kcal, 18% protein, 20% fat and 62% carbohydrate) and control group received 200 mL of tea with 10 grams of sugar (40 kcal). Gastric volume was measured using 2D-sonography every 30 minutes. Blood glucose level was measured using blood peripheral sample. Hunger response was measured using visual analog scale (VAS).

Results: Gastric emptying time in the intervention group was <90 minutes, and in the control group <60 minutes. Blood glucose level was increased in the intervention group and decreased in control group. Hunger response was decreased in intervention group and increased in control group.

Conclusion: Gastric emptying time after either drinking S-ONS and drinking tea with sugar in healthy adults subjects were less than 2 hours. Patients receiving S-ONS had significantly higher blood glucose level and were less hungry than the control group.


Keywords


ONS, gastric emptying time, blood-glucose level, hunger response

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.25220/WNJ.V01i1.0004

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